There are two different ways to grow cannabis plants. One is growing them from seeds, and the other one from clones. Although many think that growing cannabis plants from clones is a difficult process, it’s actually not that complicated and can be successfully executed by following a few simple yet effective rules.
In today’s article, you’ll learn all about clones and how to properly make them, as well as few more tips and tricks that will make your experience better and help you achieve the best results.
Let’s begin with the basics, including what clones are and how they are made, as well as the benefits of choosing cloning over growing your plants from seeds.
What are Marijuana Clones?
Cloning is asexual reproduction of the Marijuana plants. It is the method of creating genetic copies of an existing mother plant. This is done by selecting a small clipping from a mature plant, allowing it to root and replanting it.
Clones have the exact same genes as the donor plant, which include the strain and the sex of the plant.
There are numerous benefits to cloning which is why many decide to go with this technique rather than buying or collecting their own seeds.
Benefits of Cloning Plants
Here are some of the main benefits of cloning plants rather than planting seeds:
- Clones are practically free to make, once you get a mature plant that you can take clippings from
- The process of growing cannabis from clones takes a lot less time
- You can get identical plants, which is extremely beneficial for when you have a favorite plant that you would like to grow more plants from
- You’ll have buds with the same characteristics as the donor plant, including taste, smell, potency and so on
- You’ll be familiar with the plant’s characteristics since you’ll already know what the donor was like, including its growth patterns. This makes for an easier grow because you’ll already be familiar with the plant’s preferred feeding patterns and environmental conditions
- You can make dozens of clones at a time, which will turn into dozens of new plants that will soon mature as well
- Costs less than buying seeds. Other than the cloning and rooting supplies, you won’t have to buy anything else
Although many prefer cloning to seedlings, the truth is that cloning is a delicate process that requires a lot of attention and dedication and shouldn’t be taken for granted.
If you want to avoid putting your plants through unnecessary stress while achieve good results, then you’ll need to follow each step to the point insuring the best possible clones that will soon mature into new strong and healthy cannabis plants.
The Process of Cloning Marijuana Plants
When done right, cloning is the fastest, most self-sufficient way to grow cannabis plants that ensures you’ll get genetically identical, indistinguishable plants for as many harvests as you’d like, without having to constantly buy seeds.
Before you actually start the cloning process, you’ll need to prepare your garden, and get all the necessary equipment and material you’ll need.
The basic tools you’ll need to have are:
- Sharp scissors or preferably a razor
- A clean surface to work on
- Rooting hormone
- Rooting medium (soil, water or starting cubes)
- Grow light
- A fan or air conditioner
Once you’ve done that, you need to make sure all of your tools and supplies are clean and ready to be used, so that you can make your clones’ transition faster and smoother, and avoid causing the plant any unnecessary stress.
This process includes, soaking your cubes in water (if you’re going to use cubes), getting a glass of water ready for the clippings and making sure the rest of the equipment is close by as well.
You can set up your lighting ahead of time as well, so that you can start taking clippings and get started on the cloning process.
Selecting Your Donor Plant
Once you have everything you need, you’ll need to select your donor plant from which you’ll take your clippings.
You’ll need to make sure to select a mature donor plant that’s at least 2-3 months old, so that it can root faster and produce healthier, stronger clones.
Look for new branching on your mother plant that have a new top on them. Take a clipping from them by cutting below the new branching, making an 8-10 inch cutting with a 45% angle. Take clippings from the lower half of the plant as they tend to have more rooting hormones.
Scrape a little bit of the skin off the bottom of the clipping and place each clipping directly in water, to avoid getting bubbles formed.
Trim off any unnecessary leaves, fan leaves and node points so that the clone can focus on growing roots rather than absorbing sunlight to make food.
Place Your Clones in a Rooting Medium
Although you can technically use water or soil as a rooting medium, many prefer to use starting cubes in combination with a rooting hormone or cloning gel. This way they grow and form roots much faster.
If you decide to go with the latter option, here’s what you’ll need to do.
Take out your cuttings from the water one by one, place them in the cloning gel or rooting hormone, covering the scraped area of the clipping, and then place it in a starting cube, again – covering the scraped part.
Set up Your Clones in the Right Environment
Once you’ve completed all of these steps, it’s time to place your clones under the lighting you installed beforehand.
You’ll also need to make sure your clones are growing in the right environment. The main things to consider include water, temperature and light.
The best conditions for clones are spring-like conditions, so adjust your temperature at 22- 24°C (70-75°F), and make sure to keep the moisture levels up as well, because at this stage of their growth the clones get their water through their leaves, since they do not have any roots yet.
Follow these few simple steps and you’ll succeed in making your first clone in no time.